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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 14, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world newsam ica." funding of this presentation iss madeble by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ab>> wow, that is unbelievle. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪ >> stay curious. ♪
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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america."om reporting ashington, i am jane o'brien. president trump is expected toti ofclare a naal emergency in the latest standwith congress over funding of the wall. the crisis in venezuela spreads. cuba accuses the u.s. of preparing military action against nicolas maduro. and one year since a guan killed 17 people at a high school in florida, we look at the impact of the parkland tragedy. to ouers inevi
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public television in the u.s. and around the globe. the white house says president trump will declare a national emergency as he also signs ami comp spending bill to keep the government open.na the movees him to divert funds to pay for the wall on the border with mexico. democrats say he is ng the authority of congress and setting a dangerous precedent. our north america editor jon sopel joined me from the white house short time a. he has been threatening to do this for weeks. why is he decided to pull the plug this time? jon: if yo mexico was going to pay for the wall and it would not have in ed ondhanged -- imping the american taxpayer. that didn't work out. he demanded $5.7 billion and congress shut that down and he shut down the government in turn. that didn't work. he reopened the government and three weeks of negotiations took place and he will now sign a bill that gives him a fraction of that but nothing like what he wants.
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he is going to declare a stateme ofency, and that is the nuclear option, because it sidelines congress and will bed oppo a lot of republicans as well as democrats who feel that, you know what, if he does this, our position is marginalized by it as well. jane: but i is if he gets funding for the wall, his base will still support him. does it guarane the funding? jon: well, no, because it will be, i am almost certain, subject to a legal challenge. listen to the languagerom nancy pelosi, the democratic speaker of the house -- "declaring a national emergency would be a lawless act and gross abuse of the power of the presidency and a desperate attempt to distract from the fact that donald trump broke his core promise to have mexico pay for the wall." that giv you a flavor of some of the rhetoric. but what republicans alsworry worry about and why some of them opposed it is what is to stoptu a democratic party president coming into power and saying, i don't know, gun control, it is a national
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emergency, i am going to takewe emergency . climate change, i'm taking emergency powers over climate change.in lawmakers willthemselves marginalized by a process that unfolds in that way. that is why there is a lot of wariness about the president doing this and there were those in the white house as well who cautiod against it. jane: jon sopel there. for more on what this means, i was joined a short time ago by ron christie, former adviser to george w. bush. let's start with opposition from his own party. even republicans said don't do this. what does he get out of it? ron: good evening to you, jane. what he gets out of it is more money to construct the wall, able to use reallocated moneyom he department of defense , homeland, to extend the wallhe beyondunds congress is set to give him. jane: but will he get that money? as jon was saying he could be that she is going to be -- he is going to be challenged in the
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courts. ron: he will get his money. there is nquestion he has the authority to do this. president obama did this several times. it is the notion of who is in office. when president obama used his authority on immigration the decrats said it was a grea thing and the republicans howled. now that you have republicans, particularly donald trump in office, demts are howling the same way republicans did when obama did it. ne: but there is a difference between an executive order and a national emergency. have s yn something like this before? d n: yes, we saw this with president obama anesident bush. it is not unusual for a president to declare a national emergency. the thing that the media is making of this is that donaldtr p is going for his marquee wall when it is well within his constitutional power. do i think he should do it? no, i don't. i think he should work with the that is his obligatio to negotiate and compromise. but of coue, this is donald trump and he wants his wall. jane: whats to stop a future democratic president to say that gun violence is a national emerguncy, let's introducn
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control? ron: the president of the united states has the unique ability to be in charge of immigration and control of our borders. that is different from climate change and gun control. as long as you make the distinction that you are doing something to further national security of the united states, you are on stronger legal ground. jane: what about oppn from republicans? is this something they will oppose him more as we go further down the line of the process of getting a national emergency declared? ron: yes, and we saw the first rift with republicans in the senate when six of them decidedt towith democrats on keeping the government open. now you are going to see more ad more republican senato ngress people split the difference with the president and say here is where i see congress' article one constitutionalole is. you should negotiate with us, we are not just went to follow you. unpalatable choice for them. could it have been some thing else? ron: could be something else. this national emergency lis so many repns running for
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cover because most of the republicans in the senate are up for reelecti next year. they will have to go to their constituents who say, why can't you work with the president, why can' way to keep the government open and not declare an emergency that many people don't believe exists? it is going to be a hard sell for a lot of these people. jane: can he sell this to his own base? ofalready a loonservative critics are saying this isn't the answer, he is not going to get the funding. ron: the base is goingve this. if you listen to rush limbaugh, sean hannity, they are saying declare a national emergency. were most of these viewers and listeners? people who support donald trump. they will hear the echber think, you know what, the president's standing up for us and trying to make america great again. jane: ron christie, thank you for joining me. ron: pleasure. jane: cuba has accused the u.s. of secretly moving troops in a military effort to depose venezuelan president nicolas maduro. the trump administration has
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backed his rival, juanuaido, who has declared himself interim president. tension is mounting on t border with colombia, where forces loyal to maduro have blocked a convoy of aid. from caracas, our international corrrts. riorla: woven into the fc ofre the socialisvolution, the ofnezuelan military. key to the surviva the maduro regime and hard to penetrate. akfew soldiers dare to speut for fear of being jailed. so have told us there is growing unrest in the ranks. we met a sergeant who has been in uniform for 30 years. for his own protection, he asked us not to show hisace. he told us how troops are being kept in line. >> there is fear in the military
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faecause of special intelligence officers supplied by cuba.pe anyone sed of being a traitor to the regime is sent to the cell and left to rot. many of my fellow soldiers are in this situatn. they come at you through your family and they say things like your boy is getting bad grades in school. you start panicking. orla: we asked the venezuelan leader about allegations of intimidation in the arme forces, and this, he says, sisting his troops will not rebel. pres. maduro: these armed forces are loyal to the constoyution, firmly to the constitution, and loyal to the mmnstitutional der-in-chief, who is nicolas maduro. i am the head of state and head of government, and according to the constitution, the mmander-in-chief.
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orla: but we drove across town to a poor neighborhood to get a very different view from a young sergeant. he did not want us to broadcast his voice. he said up to 98% of his colleagues are opposed to no one can speak freely. phones are tapped, and even whispering can be dangerous.th unrest is evident, he told us. he believes some senior officers are wait against the president. the official picture is one ofit angetherness wh nicolas hduro, the commr-in-chief. venezuela has beenolding its largest-ever military drills this week. for maduro, a chance to rally the troops. "you thousands of men and women have shown the kind of skill, training, d moral strength we need," he said, "in order to say
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s offe u.s. empire, ha venezuela. yankee, go home." it seems the top brass are continuing to back h what is clear is that if maduro ever loses the army, he will be gone. orla guerin, bbc news, caracas. jane: a look at now at some of the day's other news. a vehicle packed with explosives has rammed into the security convoy in indian-administered kashmir. it is one of the deadliest such attacks in the region in decades . a pakistan-based militant group said it was behind the bombing. sweden has recalled its ambassador in beijing following unofficial attempts to broker arrangements for swedish dissidents being held in china.
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one man is in custody in china after selling books in hong kong about the chinese leadership. ranitish woman who away to syria as a schoolgiramto join the i state group has been told she could face prosecution if she returnsome. she is 19 and heavily pregnant. she has told a "times" journals that she wants to return to the u.k. to live a quiet life with her baby. she is an a refugee camp in syria. the online retail giant amazon has ditched plans to build a second headquarters in new york because of local opposition. the company said it would create 25,000 jobs with a new center in the borough of queens. local politicis were unhappy with the billions ofollars the city was offering and tax credits. today is the anniversary of one of the deadliest schoolri shootings in an history. 17 people were killed and dozens urmore i in the attack at parkland, florida. this morning, people there paused for a moment of silence
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to mark the moment the gunman opened fire at marjorie stoneman douglas high school. many families chose to spend the day in private.ng the shooed to a nationwide discussion on gun control in america, but there has been no meaningful changes to current laws. the bbc's samira hussain reports on those who are still living with the physical and emotional reminders of what happened. >> good morning, have a great day. samira: a typical morning walk to schl done by thousands across the country. but this is different. these kids go to marjo stoneman douglas, a name that will forever conjure images from this date. students fleeing for safety as a gunman armed with a semi-automatic rifle oped fire. >> this is the first one. samira: anthony was shot five times. using his own body as a shield,t he pre the gunman from entering the classroom. he saved up to 20 kids.
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but to this day when he tries to sleep, he is taken right back to the shooting. >> i never sleep -- sometimes i can't sleep well, because i dream a lot of the day that -- i see it in my head. i dream. samira: this is the building where the shting happened. it can't be torn down -- is being preserveas evidence for the gunman's trial, a trial that has not even started yet. and so it stands as a constant concrete reminder of what happened that day. >>l i wve you -- love you all my life. i tellu right now, i love am you. i know what you did today. samira: that is the accused bynman nikolas cruz being comforteis younger brother zachary. this police video was taken hours after the shooting. hyou told him you lov more than once.
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>> only because i am his brother, and the whole world is gointo give him hate. samira: are you angry at him? >> yes. samira: what makes you angry? >> that he did what he did for no reason. don't know. samira: the shooting sparked a movement. they channeled their anger through activism, taking to the .,streets of washington, dy the thousands, demanding stricter gun control laws. for those students, this song became their anthem. >> i think through the actions we have seen, they grabbed such a big audience and wide audience that they inspired other people to be heard as well. >> i can't change what happened in the past. i need to make sure it doesn't happen again in the future. ♪
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samira: but one year on, victims of the mass shooting are still recovering, and one year on, federal gun control laws have not changed. ,amira hussein, bbc ne parkland, florida. jane: you are watching "bbc world news ameri." still to come in tonight's program, signs of life after chernobyl. yihow communities are ng to get back on their feet three decades after the disaster. airbus has pulled the plug on its a380 superjumbo which entered service 12 years ago. the last deliveries of the plane of the world's largest passenger aircraft, wille made in 2021. the superjumbo cost nearly $20 billion to delop, but has struggled to make a profit.
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reporter: when it first took to the skies, the a380 was billed as the future of long-haul air travel. a double-decker superjumbo carrying more than 500 passengers. today, 13 years after its launch, airbus has called it a day. >> there has been speculation for years, we were 10 yea to early. probably at least 10 years too late. reporter passengers ved it. so much room. the a380 was designed to carry people bween heavily congested airports like london, dubai, and singapore. but smaller, more fuel-efficiena planes was a coming along, easier for airlines to fill. >> what is happening now is that the way we fly has changed.
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we all want to f from our local airports and theer m twin-engine aircraft allow us to do that. we can't bypass the -- we can bypass the hubs. reporter: demand for this plane never really took off. its largest customer, emirates, has scaled back orders for new a380s,sealing the jumbo jet' fate. production will end in two years' time. the a380. in the skies for years to come. -- will still be in the skies for your to come, technically brilliant, jumbo jet that never made a profit but will still earned itsonlace in avia history. jane: in nigeria, campaigning has just wrapped up ahead of saturday's presidential elections. africa's most populous natiex is nding rapidly, but
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unemployment remains a major problem, young.ially among the the two main candidates have pledged to fight corruption and create jobs. our africa editor fergal keane sent this report from lagos. fergal: it is a place of the mo extraordinary energy. fastest-growing cities in afri's most populous nation. on the streets of las, a people's democracy. passionatelection arguments. >> all we want is free and fair elections. fergal: it is an election defined by youth and its discontents. more than 50% of young people are out of work or underemployed like these men by the roadside hoping for a day's work. you have no job? >> yes, i have no job. it is unfortunate that nigeria is like this.
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we are graduates,nd there's thing we are doing. fergal: almost half of nigeria's population lives in extreme poverty, the highest proportion in the world. this as hundreds of billions of dollars in oil revenues have en siphoned off through corruption. we traled to an island near lagos to see the impact of graft on the hopesf the young. they were holding an election meeting tomorrow. "we need light, we need hospitals, we need water, we need doctors," the youth leader said. "you should vote wisely. don't bed. decei esther has three sons entering the jobs market. the family also host relatives who fled violence that displaced 1.8 million people in the northeast. esther's youngest son wants to leave. >> i would like to leave nigeria if i see a good opportunity.
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i mean, eventually like leaving this continent, africa, entirely. fergal: this is the cunice for the g. here signing a peace pledge, two men in their 70's. president buhari on the left, who has made only limited progress challenging corruption, and challenger atiku abubakar, who has had to deny corruption allegations himself. a niges been a democracy for 20 years, but the failure in that time to achieve radical change in rooting out corruption and tackling poverty, there are searching questions about how the system works here.mo what is acy for? those elected to power seem incapable of truly transforming their society. i went to see a veteran anticorruption crusader.
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he was locked up on numerous occasions under military rule. with his young activists, he continues to hold politicians to account. >> eventlly we believe that through elections we can effect necessary change. without hope, life would be brutish, nasty, and short. so we have to keep hope alive. fergal: but hope alone can't answer the needs of a population setxt to double in the 30 years. politics as usual will not suffice. fergal keane, bbc news, lagos. jane: the explosion at the chernobyl power plant in 1986 was the worst accident of its kind in history. 31 people died at the time, and the leaking of radiation may have cut short the lives of thousands of others. more than 30 years later, life is starting to return to areas. victoria gill reports.
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victoria: it is playtime at the kindergarten. this community is inside ukraine's officially abandoned exclusion zone. 33 years ago, it was designated contaminated after the world's worst nuclear accident, and explosion at the chernobyl nuclear power plant less than 100 kilometers away. tatiana remembers the evacuation.ci s when the nt happened, all the children aff from the kindergarten were evacuated to clean zones. sein three months we were back. life went on. victia: but the future for these children and their families is uncertain. strict rules mean no agriculture and no new development here. that could be about to change. talks are set to agree to the legal removaof this district from the exclusion zone. >> it is not a secret that half our parents are unemployed,
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because there is nhere to work i wish we could start to grow again. victoria: but most of the zone is a post-human landscape. more than 4000 square kilometers spanning ukraine and belarus evacuated. where people moved out, wildlife including these wild horses moved in. victoria: they aradapting to the exclusion zone. the decades of trucking -- tracking wildlife and measuring radiation have shown how the zone has recovered. we're getting less of an external de of radiation than on the flight over. >> three times less than what we goveon the airplane coming or. victoria: they say most of the wilderness created by the nuclear disaster has similar
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levels of radiation to many s pa the populated world. >> natural radiation is all ound us and it varies from country to country and place to place. most of the area of exclusion tozone gives risow radiation dose rates than many areas of natural. radioactivity worldwi victoria: the still-leaking, damaged reactor here is entombed in steel. it won't be safe for generations. but researchers say that the land has recovered, so much so ithat these children bornthe shadow of chernobyl may finally be free of its legacy. victoria gill, bbc news, the chernobyl exclusion zone. jane: nature will always find a way. of course it is valentine's day, but instead of chocolate and ses, here is something if you are more of a pragmatic romantic. isthe u.k.ai a rr
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stalking it shelves with plasti. engagement rin they cost of town. apop the questi then your beloved can buy the real thing later. i wonder how will that will go. i am jane o'brie thanks for watching. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos e designed to work around your lifestyle, so y u can swipe your way through the news of the and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selepp stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." a nd pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. t
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caning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. s the newshour tonight, president trump pl declare a national emergency to build the wall as congress moves to pass a border deal to avoid another shutdown. then, e former acting director of the f.b.i. confirms the agency began an inveion into mr. trump, as judge rules the president's former campaign alairman broke a plea deal by lying to the speciounsel. plus, a year after the tragic shooting in parkland, a teacher from marjorytoneman douglas reflects on how the community is coping. >> i know that, as the kids who were on campus graduate, tre will be new groups of kids who still have a connection to what happened.

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